Some members of OULIPO would speak here of “plagiarism by anticipation” (we would never think such a thing of course!). François Le Lionnais, for example: “Occasionally, we discover that a structure we believed to be entirely new had in fact already been discovered or invented in the past, sometimes even in a distant past. We make it a point of honor to recognize such a state of things in qualifying the text in question as ‘plagiarism by anticipation.’ Thus justice is done, and each is rewarded according to his merit.” Our emphasis. François Le Lionnais, “Second Manifesto,” in Oulipo: A Primer of Potential Literature, ed. and trans. Warren F. Motte Jr. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1986), 31.